Are your gums tender, red, or swollen? Do they bleed when you floss or brush? Do you suffer from constant bad breath? Then it’s quite likely that you have gum disease. At it’s mildest, it’s called gingivitis, which causes no discomfort but may show the redness and bleeding as symptoms. A worse form is called aggressive periodontitis, which can detach some of your teeth from the gums. Another type is necrotizing periodontal disease, which can produce painful ulcers in your month.
Gum disease can come from one or more factors.
- Poor oral hygiene, such as by not brushing or flossing, can produce the disease.
- Genetics can play a part, so if your family has a history of the problem, then it’s more likely that you’ll develop it.
- If you smoke, have poor nutrition, or undergo stress, your body has less chance of fighting off the infection.
To prevent this disease, good oral hygiene is a must. Brush and floss at least twice a day. This is the best way of removing the bacterial plaque that can infect the gums. Have your teeth professionally cleaned twice a year so that the dentist can remove the plaque that has hardened into tartar. He can also examine your gums for any sign of the disease.
If your dentist discovers that you have gum disease, the treatment depends on the progress of the infection. If he catches it early, he may recommend non-surgical therapy, which is simple and relatively painless. If the disease is more advanced, surgery may be needed. Your mouth will need re-evaluation after treatment. Otherwise, the disease may come back.
If you want to know more about gum disease and oral hygiene, please contact us.